Osteoarthritis: Treatment, Diet and Home Remedies

Food and Nutrition

Foods to be taken
  • Calcium-rich dairy products are very important for a person with osteoarthritis like low- or no-fat milk, cheese and yogurt.
  • Vitamin C rich foods like citrus fruits, strawberries, peppers, kiwi, cantaloupe, green-leafy vegetables, cauliflower, tomatoes, potatoes, and pineapple.
  • Foods with Beta-carotene like red, yellow, and orange fruits and vegetables (pumpkin, cantaloupe, peppers, carrots) and many dark-green leafy vegetables (spinach, kale, Romaine lettuce).
  • Foods like Fortified milk and cereals, eggs, tuna, and fish-liver oils all help the body obtain vitamin D.
  • Foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids like cold-water fish (such as salmon, tuna and sardines), pecans, walnuts, soy foods (tofu, soybean oil), olive and canola oils, flaxseeds, and flaxseed oil.
Foods to be avoided
  • Refined and processed foods
  • Limit intake of sugar products
  • Avoid foods rich in fats like Fried and oily food, red meat, pastries and desserts
  • Limit intake of salt

Yoga and Exercise

  • Regular exercise strengthens muscles and improves flexibility and balance. It not only helps ease pain and stiffness but also improves overall health.
  • Flexibility exercises to improve joint mobility, reduce stiffness, and help prevent tightening of the tissues around the joint.
  • By strengthening muscles, you protect and support affected joints and improve overall function.
Osteo exercise
  • Low impact aerobic exercises like bicycling, walking, swimming can be done.
  • Avoid activities that put too much strain on the joints, such as running and sports that involve jumping, quick turns, or sudden stops — tennis and basketball
Yogasanas help to strengthen your bones and muscles, preventing the onset of this condition and provides relief from the pain

Home Remedies

  • A healthy weight should be maintained
  • Regular exercises should be done regardless of the age
  • Avoid activities that cause too much strain to the joints
  • Heat and cold therapy such as hot compresses, cold packs, ice massage can relive the pain and inflammation
  • Rest or reduce the stress on the painful joint
OA remedy    
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