Leptospirosis: Symptom and Causes


General symptoms
  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Muscle aches
  • Vomiting
  • Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhoea
  • Rash
chikungunya fever
Symptoms when the heart, liver and kidneys are affected
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeat, often accelerated heartbeat
  • Muscle pains
  • Nausea
  • Nosebleeds
  • Pain in the chest
  • Panting (Breathing heavily)
  • Poor appetite
  • The hands, feet or ankles swell
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Yellowing of the whites of the eyes, tongue and skin
Symptoms when brain is affected
  • Blotchy rash 
  • Confusion 
  • Drowsiness
  • Fits 
  • High fever
  • Nausea
  • Photophobia (sensitivity to light)
  • Problems with physical movements
  • Stiff neck
  • The patient is unable to speak
  • Vomiting
  • Aggressiveness or unusual behaviour
Many of these symptoms can be mistaken for other diseases.


Leptospirosis is caused by a strain of bacteria called leptospira, which is found in certain animals and can spread to humans. Humans can become infected through
  • Contact with urine (or other body fluids, except saliva) from infected animals.
  • Contact with water, soil, or food contaminated with the urine of infected animals
  • Drinking contaminated water.
  • It is not spread from person to person, except in very rare cases when it is transmitted through breast milk or from a mother to her unborn child.
Leptospirosis Cause

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