Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Meaning, Diagnosis and Overview

What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), also known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a hormonal problem in which a woman has an imbalance of a female sex hormones, that causes women to have a variety of symptoms. It should be noted that most women with the condition have numerous small cysts in the ovaries. This may lead to menstrual cycle changes, trouble getting pregnant and other health changes. Polycystic ovary syndrome (or PCOS) is common, affecting as many as 1 out of 15 women.
Poly cystic ovarian syndrome

Recovery Time

Regular exercise, healthy foods, and weight control are key treatments for PCOS. Medicines to balance hormones may also be used. Getting treatment can reduce unpleasant symptoms and help prevent long-term health problems. With proper treatment a women gets recovered within 6months.


  • Medical history
  • Physical exam (blood pressure, body mass index and waist size)
  • Pelvic exam
  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound scan

FAQs prepared by doctor

Q1.  What is Polycystic Ovary Disease?
PCOD is a complex disorder in females of reproductive age group (12-45y) with uncertain etiology leading to sub-fertility, irregular menstrual cycles, acne, hirsutism (facial hair), obesity, insulin resistance and high cholesterol levels. Multiple cysts in the ovaries on ultrasound is a common finding.

Q2.  What causes Polycystic Ovary Disease?
The cause of PCOD is unknown.  It is believed to be genetically passed either from mother or father. 

Q3.  How do I know that I have Polycystic Ovary Disease?
PCOD causes a wide range of symptoms as mentioned above. If you have above range of symptoms and other causes for these have been ruled out, then in all probability you are having PCOD.  

Q4.  What is the treatment for PCOD?
The treatment for PCOD is supportive with the aim to regularize menstrual cycles and increase the chance of conception in women wanting to conceive. Medication is advised to control sugar levels in insulin resistance and reduce hirsutism (facial hair) in case of increased testosterone.

Q5.  How long does it take to cure?
There is no cure for PCOD. The symptoms have to be managed with proper treatment as outlined above.

Q6.  Can I lead a normal life and conceive with Polycystic Ovary Disease?
Yes you can lead a normal life and also conceive normally with PCOD. Some treatment would be required for inducing ovulation if there is no conception. You are advised to maintain a healthy lifestyle with proper diet and exercise. Avoid being overweight.  

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