Polio: Prevention and Complications

Prevention Tips

  • Polio cannot be cured but prevented
  • Polio immunization (vaccine) effectively prevents poliomyelitis in most people
Polio prevention


  • Patients are most infectious from seven to ten days before and after the onset of symptoms.
  • There is presently no cure for polio. Treatment involves supportive care.
  • Vaccination schedule for children-
  1. 2 months one dose
  2. 4 months one dose
  3. 6 to 18 months one dose
  4. 4 to 6 years booster dose (An additional dose that makes sure the first dose was effective)

Watch Out

  • Diarrhoea
  • Moderate fever
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Muscle pain and weakness
  • Sensitivity to touch (mild touch will be painful)
  • Stiff neck 
  • Loss of reflexes
  • Back pain
  • Leg pain
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Muscle tenderness and spasms

When to See Doctor

Consult your doctor if you have
  • Someone close to you has developed poliomyelitis and you have not been vaccinated
  • You develop symptoms of poliomyelitis
  • Your child polio immunisation vaccine is not up to date

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