Pediatric Otitis Media: Prevention and Complications

Prevention Tips

  • Vaccination with pneumococcal and influenza vaccine
  • Teach your children to wash their hands frequently and thoroughly and not to share eating and drinking utensils
  • Teach your children to use a cloth or a tissue while sneezing or coughing
  • Try to keep your child home from child care or school when ill
  • Stay in smoke-free environments
  • Breastfeed your baby for 12 months or more if possible
  • Avoid propping (support by placing against something solid or rigid) a bottle in your babys mouth while he or she is lying down
  • Aspirin should not be given to children under 16 years of age
  • Avoid exposure to air pollution
  • Avoid letting water go into the ear

Watch Out

  • Fever
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty in hearing and speaking
  • Fluid or pus from ear

When to See Doctor

Consult your doctor if
  • Your child has fever combined with ear ache
  • Symptoms last for more than a day
  • Ear pain is severe
  • Your child is sleepless or irritable after a cold or other upper respiratory infection
  • You observe a discharge of fluid, pus or bloody discharge from the ear

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