Nose Bleed/epistaxis: Treatment, Diet and Home Remedies

Food and Nutrition

Foods to be taken
  • Potassium regulates the fluids in your body, without enough potassium, you may risk dehydration, and this can cause your body tissues to dry out including the tissues on the inside of your nose, which can trigger nose bleeds. So include potassium rich foods like bananas, avocados and tomatoes in your diet.
  • Vitamin C is important for strengthening blood vessels, including those on the inside of the nose that can burst to trigger nose bleeds. Include vitamin c rich foods like green leafy vegetables, peppers, broccoli, berries, citrus fruits etc.
  • An iron deficiency, sometimes triggered by blood loss, can cause anemia. This condition causes lethargy and easy bruising due to an increased risk of bleeding. Organ meats, red meat, seafood, whole grains are rich in iron.
  • Vitamin K deficiency causes bleeding excessively. Dark leafy greens, spring onions, brussels sprouts, broccoli, garlic, cabbage, cucumber are all rich in vitamin K.
  • Include a balanced diet of complex carbohydrates such as buckwheat, wholesome proteins such as soy products, green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale, and other foods such as celery, bamboo shoots, seaweed, bananas, honey, mung beans, sunflower seeds, cassia seeds, and lotus root.
Foods to be avoided
  • Oily and greasy foods
  • Spicy foods
  • Caffeinated drinks

Yoga and Exercise

Intense straining during exercise also can disturb the delicate blood vessel lining and contribute to a nosebleed. So avoid strenuous exercises.

An ancient Yoga practice, which is known as Jala Neti or Sutra Neti, i.e., nasal cleansing can help to alleviate the pain and discomfort caused by sinusitis, within a shorter period of time. These techniques are commonly referred to, as Neti Kriya.

Home Remedies

Follow these steps to stop a nosebleed:
  • Relax
  • Sit down and lean your body and your head slightly forward. This will keep the blood from running down your throat, which can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. (Do NOT lay flat or put your head between your legs.)
  • Breathe through your mouth.
  • Use a tissue or damp washcloth to catch the blood.
  • With a finger and thumb, pinch the lower fleshy end of the nose completely blocking the nostrils. It is useless to put pressure over the root of the nose or nasal bones. Usually, if you apply light pressure for 10-20 minutes, the bleeding will stop.
  • Keep pinching your nose continuously for at least 5 minutes (timed by clock) before checking if the bleeding has stopped. If your nose is still bleeding, continue squeezing the nose for another 10 minutes.
  • A cold compress or ice around the nose and front of face will help. The cold helps the blood vessels to close down (constrict) and stop bleeding.
  • Once the nosebleed has stopped, do not pick the nose or try to blow out any of the blood remaining in the nostrils. This may cause another nosebleed.
  • If you feel faint it is best to lie flat on your side.

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