Emphysema: Symptom and Causes


  • Breathlessness with exertion, and eventually breathlessness all the time
  • Susceptibility to chest infections
  • Sputum produced with chronic bronchitis
  • Coughing
  • Fatigue
  • Expansion of the ribcage, due to over-expansion of the lungs
  • Cyanosis (a blue tinge to the skin) due to lack of oxygen


The main cause of emphysema is long-term, regular tobacco smoking. It may also be caused by marijuana smoking (much less common), exposure to air pollutions, factory fumes, coal and silica dust.

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