Amenorrhea: Symptom and Causes


The primary symptom of this condition is missing several menstrual periods in a row. Women may also experience:
Symptoms of primary amenorrhea may include:
  • Headaches
  • Vision problems
  • Acne
  • Excessive, unwanted body hair growth (called hirsutism)
Symptoms of secondary amenorrhea may include:
  • Headaches
  • Vision problems
  • Being very thirsty
  • Nausea
  • Breast discharge
  • Goiter, an enlarged thyroid gland
  • Darkening skin
  • Hot flashes, mood changes, depression, and vaginal dryness are common with estrogen deficiency.


Both primary and secondary amenorrhea can have several causes.
Primary amenorrhea
  • Lack of reproductive organs, such as uterus, cervix, or vagina
  • Problems with the pituitary gland
  • Abnormal chromosomes
Secondary amenorrhea
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Using some kinds of birth control
  • Taking some types of medication, such as corticosteroids
  • Hormone imbalance
  • Keeping excessive low body weight
  • Too much exercise
  • Thyroid problems
  • Pituitary tumor
  • Stress
  • Premature menopause (menopause before age 40)

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