What is Cholera Vaccine?This vaccine comes under IAP recommended vaccines for High-risk children (Vaccines under special circumstances). Cholera vaccines are vaccines that are effective at preventing cholera. Cholera is caused by a bacterium, vibrio cholerae, which produces a toxin that affects the intestines. The common symptom is large amounts of watery diarrhea that lasts a few days. Vomiting and muscle cramps may also occur. Diarrhea can be so severe that it leads within hours to severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Stanchol is the cholera vaccine used in India which is administered orally.
Cholera Vaccine Immunization Schedule
- Minimum age to administer cholera vaccine is 1 year
- For age above 1 year: 2 doses required 2 weeks apart
EffectivenessThey are about 85% effective during the first six months and 50–60% effective during the first year. The effectiveness decreases to less than 50% after two years.
- general feeling of being unwell (malaise)