Hyperlipidemia: Prevention and Complications

Prevention Tips

  • Low-cholesterol, low saturated fat diet
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Quit smoking
  • Maintain a healthy weight (exercise regularly)
  • Early diagnosis and treatment will reduce the risk of heart disorders
  • Counselling with doctor if your family have a background of heart attacks and high cholesterol.


Types of cholesterol
  • Low density lipoproteins (LDL): LDL, also called "bad" cholesterol, can cause build-up of plaque on the walls of arteries. The more LDL there is in the blood, the greater the risk of heart disease.
  • High density lipoproteins (HDL): HDL also called "good" cholesterol, helps the body get rid of bad cholesterol in the blood. The higher the level of HDL cholesterol, the better. If levels of HDL are low, the risk of heart disease increases.
  • Very low density lipoproteins (VLDL): VLDL is similar to LDL cholesterol in that it contains mostly fat and not much protein.
  • Triglycerides: Triglycerides are another type of fat that is carried in the blood by very low density lipoproteins. Excess calories, alcohol, or sugar in the body are converted into triglycerides and stored in fat cells throughout the body.

Watch Out

  • Chest pain 
  • Xanthoma

When to See Doctor

Consult your doctor if
  • Chest pain or other warning signs of a heart attack
  • A personal or family history of high cholesterol levels

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