Diarrhoea: Prevention and Complications

Prevention Tips

The most important way to avoid diarrhoea is to avoid coming into contact with infectious agents that can cause it. Key measures to prevent diarrhoea include:
  • Access to safe drinking-water
  • Use of improved sanitation
  • Hand washing with soap
  • Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life
  • Good personal and food hygiene
  • Health education about how infections spread
  • Rotavirus vaccination

Watch Out

  • Blood in the stools
  • Pus in the stools
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Repeated bouts of vomiting
  • Reduced urination
  • High fever

When to See Doctor

Consult a doctor if symptoms persist for more than a day or two, or recur frequently or if you experience serious symptoms including:
  • Blood or pus in the faeces
  • Painful passing of faeces
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Inability to drink more fluids
  • Reduced or absent urination
  • Temperature greater than 38 C
  • Fainting or convulsions

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