Coronary Artery Disease: Prevention and Complications

Prevention Tips

  • Be physically active with regular exercises
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Consume alcohol in moderation or not at all.
  • Quit smoking
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet
  • Keep your blood pressure under control
  • Keep your diabetes under control
  • Reduce/control emotional and mental stress
  • Reduce consumption of saturated fats and trans fats
  • Follow your doctors instructions in order to prevent complications. Take the medications as prescribed
 Prevention of CAD
Lifestyle changes like eating healthier, losing or managing weight, reducing salt or getting regular physical activity can help in controlling the disease.


In some cases, lifestyle changes and medications are not enough to treat your coronary artery disease, and interventional or surgical therapies may be required to prevent damage to your heart.

Watch Out

  • Dizziness
  • Sweating and weakness
  • Loss of appetite

When to See Doctor

  • A squeezing, pressure, heaviness, tightening, squeezing, burning or aching across the chest
  • Severe pain in neck, jaw, arms, shoulders, throat, back, or even the teeth
  • Indigestion, heartburn, nausea, cramping, and shortness of breath
Consult a doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms
  • A feeling of fullness (bloating) in the stomach with a loss of appetite or nausea
  • Extreme fatigue or decreased ability to complete daily activities
  • Severe cough that becomes worse
  • Fast heart rate (above 100 beats per minute)
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Difficulty breathing and chest pain during regular activities or at rest
  • Constant Dizziness
  • Crushing chest pain, with or without nausea, vomiting, profuse sweating, shortness of breath, weakness

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