Bronchopulmonary Dysplagia: Symptom and Causes


Breathing difficulty is the main symptom of BPD in infants. Other symptoms include:
  • Bluish skin color
  • Breathing too fast or shortness of breath
  • Coughing or wheezing
  • Trouble feeding or frequent vomiting
  • Sucked-in ribs and chest
  • Poor posture of the neck, shoulders and trunk


  • Prematurity, when your baby is born before the lungs, and especially the air sacs, are fully developed
  • Oxygen use- high concentrations of oxygen can damage the cells of the lungs
  • Mechanical ventilation. Some premature babies require breathing machines, suctioning of the airways, and the use of a endotracheal tube, which is placed in the trachea and connected to a breathing machine

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