What is Bronchopulmonary Dysplagia?Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic respiratory disease that most often occurs in low-weight or premature infants (more than 10 weeks before their due date) who have received supplemental oxygen or have spent long periods of time on a breathing machine (mechanical ventilation), such as infants who have acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia involves abnormal development of lung tissue. It is characterized by inflammation and scarring in the lungs.
In many infants, RDS begins improving in a week or less. Other infants may need oxygen and treatment with a ventilator for longer periods. In this situation, BPD may result. The time an infant with BPD spends in the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit) can range from several weeks to a few months. Babies with BPD get better slowly over time.
Arterial blood gas
Chest CT scan
- Pulse oximetry