Strabismus: Meaning, Diagnosis and Overview

What is Strabismus?

Strabismus also known as convergence disorder is a visual disorder in which the two eyes do not line up in the same direction, and therefore do not look at the same object at the same time they point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other eye turns inward (esotropia), outward (exotropia), upward (hypertropia), or downward (hypotropia). The eye turn may be consistent, or it may come and go. 
The condition is more commonly known as "crossed eyes." It is a common condition in children.

Recovery Time

The intermittent strabismus seen in infants is associated with normal development and typically goes away before 3 months of age. Other types of strabismus do not go away unless treated.


A physical examination will include a detailed examination of the eyes. Other tests include: 
  • Corneal light reflex
  • Cover/uncover test
  • Retinal exam
  • Standard ophthalmic exam
  • Visual acuity

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