Pediatric Dengue Fever: Symptom and Causes


Dengue in infants and toddlers usually starts with the symptoms of a viral illness:
  • High fever or temperature
  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Mild skin rash
Older children may have:
  • High fever
  • Pain behind the eyes and in the joints
  • Backaches and headaches

They may also develop a red and white patchy skin rash. This may be followed by:
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Mild bleeding from the nose or gums
  • Bruising easily
  • Joint pains
Most people with dengue feel very weak. This can last for some time after the illness


Dengue fever is caused by four similar viruses spread by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes, which are common in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide.
When a mosquito bites a person who has been infected with a dengue virus, the mosquito becomes infected and if this mosquito bites someone else, that person can be infected with dengue fever. The infected mosquito acts as a carrier for the disease and thus it spreads from person to person.

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