Hepatitis C: Symptom and Causes


  • About 75% of people have no symptoms when they first acquire HCV infection. 
  • Over time, people with chronic infection may begin to experience the effects of the persistent inflammation of the liver caused by the immune reaction to the virus.
As cirrhosis develops, symptoms increase and may include:
  • Weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Breast enlargement in men
  • A rash on the palms
  • Difficulty with the clotting of blood
  • Spider-like blood vessels on the skin
Hepatitis C Symptoms


  • Most cases are caused by using contaminated needles or injecting equipment (spoons, syringes, filters, water for injection, etc.) to inject drugs (sharing needles).
  • There is a risk of contracting the virus from sharing toothbrushes, razors, and other such items which may be contaminated with infected blood.
  • Inhaling drugs like cocaine.
  • Re-used equipment used for tattooing, body piercing, acupuncture, etc.
  • Infected mother can pass on the infection to her baby.
  • Infected person can pass on the virus whilst having sex.
  • The virus is not passed on during normal social contact, such as holding hands, hugging, or sharing cups or crockery.
Hepatitis C Causes

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