GERD: Prevention and Complications

Prevention Tips

  • Avoid eating fatty and spicy foods
  • Elevate the head of your bed 6-8 inches to prevent the backflow of gastric juices
  • Avoid large meals eat smaller meals
  • Eat 3 hrs before going to bed and avoid bed time snacks
  • Wear looser clothing. Tight clothing can promote reflux of acid contents
  • Patients who have trouble swallowing should avoid tough meats, vegetables with skins, doughy bread, and pasta.
  • Avoid or reduce consumption of foods and beverages that contain caffeine, chocolate, peppermint, spearmint, and alcohol.
  • When going to bed, try lying on the left side rather than the right side
  • After meals, take a walk
  • People who are overweight should try to diet and exercise to lose weight.
  • If drugs you are taking seem to be the cause of your heartburn, talk with your doctor about them.
  • Eat less spicy food, less tomato, less chilly, less masala, loose weight, avoid tea, coffee, chocolates, alcohol, smoking. 
  • Drink lot of water
Prevention image for GERD

Watch Out

  • Extreme stomach pain
  • Pain when swallowing

When to See Doctor

  • Severe chest pain
  • Nausea and vomiting ( if you are vomiting blood or black material)
  • Diarrhea or black or bloody bowel movements
Consult a doctor
  • If your symptoms do not improve after 2 weeks of home treatment, are different or are getting worse, or are interfering with normal activities.
  • You are having difficulty swallowing or pain when swallowing
  • Your heartburn is causing you to have nausea or vomiting (blood in vomit)
  • You have experienced a drastic weight loss
  • You have chronic hoarseness or wheezing, or your asthma has worsened
  • You are having chest pain accompanied by pain in the neck, jaw, arms, or legs; shortness of breath, weakness, irregular pulse, or sweating
  • You have extreme stomach pain
  • You are experiencing diarrhea or black or bloody bowel movement

acid reflux, heartburn, GERD, GORD, gastric reflux disease, esophagitis, endoscopy, stomach pain, dysphagia, abdominal pain, GERD when to go to hospital, GERD when to seek medical care, GERD when to get help,