Pediatric Dengue Fever: Prevention and Complications

Prevention Tips

There is no vaccine against dengue. Your best way to protect your child is to take preventive measures against mosquitoes that spread the virus. Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water and warm, humid weather. Make sure your house and the surrounding area are free of uncovered stagnant water, rotting vegetation, and old flower pots especially during the rainy season.
Preventive measures:
  • Dress your child in long-sleeved light coloured clothing and pants, especially if he plays outdoors
  • Install mosquito screens on windows
  • Use citronella oil-based creams and sprays or other mosquito repellents
  • Use mosquito nets while sleeping. Air conditioning also helps prevent mosquitoes to a certain extent

Watch Out

  • Skin rashes maculopapular rash (large red area with small bumps) or red tiny spots on the skin called petechiae
  • Nose bleeding as fever starts to subside
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting of coffee-coloured matter
  • Dark-coloured stools

When to See Doctor

Consult a doctor if your child develops
  • High fever with skin rash
  • Bleeding from nose or gums
  • Severe vomiting along with blood
  • Pale, cold or clammy hands and feet
  • Abdominal pain or black coloured stools

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