Rain and humidity aggravates infections specially more in those with low immunity. Following are some of the most common infections and diseases to look out for.
Viral FeverSymptoms: Fever – mild to moderate in degree, with cough and sore throat associated with running nose and congestion. Burning sensation in eyes with gritty feeling, body aches. May be associated with skin rash and diarrhea in children.
Precautions and treatment: Keep yourself clean, wash your hands and eyes with clean water. Take plenty of fluid and luke warm water preferably with lemon. Avoid junk food, avoid contact with infected person, use saline nasal drops in children. Carry hand-sanitizer and apply before meals. For fever take Crocin 10 mg/kg-body-weight per dose 3-4 times a day in form of syrup or tablet depending on age.
Fungal InfectionHumidity aggravates fungal infection in arm pits or folds of skin associated with itching and burning or both with redness.
Precautions: Keep dry, allow damp hair to dry, change wet clothes and undergarments, wear sandal to air your feet. Use anti-fungal talcum powder.
Water Borne DiseasesWater and food contamination are more frequent in rainy season and more so due to unhygienic eatable and beverages from street vendors.
DiarrheaSigns: Loose motions more than 3-4 times, watery semi-formed stools associated with bodyache, fever, nausea and vomiting.
Treatment: Take plenty of oral fluids like coconut water, Nibupani (6-8 teaspoonful sugar and ¾ gm salt per liter with few drops of lemon) or ORS to combat dehydration (packet available for 250 ml or 1 liter).
Typhoid feverSigns: High continuous fever, headache, lethargy, generalized body aches, abdominal pain, diarrhea followed by marked constipation. Serious complication occur in upto 10% of cases. Consult Doctor.
Vaccination: Typhoid vaccine can be given above 2 years children and re-vaccination after every 3 years.
Hepatitis ASigns: Nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite, mild fever, jaundice with yellow color of eyes and skin associated with dark yellow color urine and clay color stool.
Precautions: Hand washing before eating and after toilet. Sanitary disposal of excreta. Boiled / filtered water should be used. Store food in covered container to protect from flies. Do not take Crocin as it is toxic to liver being infected. Aspirin can be taken but not on empty stomach. Get investigated. Neglect can turn into potentially serious disease. Vaccine is available to prevent hepatitis.
Mosquito Borne DiseasesMosquitoes have become our mortal enemies! Water logging during rainy season leads to mosquito-breeding and mosquito-borne diseases.
DengueMosquitoes have become our mortal enemies! When a mosquito (day biter) bites a person infected by dengue, virus enter the mosquito. When the infected mosquito bites another person, virus enter that person’s blood stream.
Symptoms: Patient presents with high fever, headache, muscle and joints pain, pain in eyes (retro-orbital pain), extreme weakness, skin rash, petechiae (hemorrhagic spots) and warning sign are abdominal pain, tenderness, persistent vomiting, lethargy, restlessness etc. Disease is more serious if person was infected earlier with dengue. Contact Doctor immediately.
MalariaIt is spread by bite of female anopheline mosquito. Typically three distinct stages of cold, hot, sweating usually not seen but most commonly patient presents with fever with rigor and chills associated with headache and nausea. Crocin (paracetamol) can be taken for fever but no Chlorquine without investigation. One may have complicated malaria. Contact Doctor with out delay.
Prevention: Prevent breeding places of mosquito larvae i.e. domestic sanitation, screening of house & indoors, regular spraying, use of insecticide treated nets, repellents, protective clothing etc.
Viral Fever Fungal Infections Diarrhea Typhoid Hepatitis A Dengue Malaria