Neuralgia: Symptom and Causes


Symptoms of neuralgia can include:
  • Localised pain
  • The area may be excruciatingly sensitive to touch, and any pressure is felt as pain
  • The pain can be sharp or burning, depending on the affected nerve
  • The affected area is still functional
  • The muscles may spasm


Nerve inflammation (neuritis) can trigger neuralgia. Causes of neuritis include:
  • Shingles -inflammation of a nerve, caused by infection with the herpes virus.
  • Infection  -the nerve can be irritated by nearby infection, such as a tooth abscess
  • Pressure or injury -broken bones, slipped vertebral discs (sciatica) or certain tumours can press and irritate a nerve
  • Syphilis -in its advanced stages, this sexually transmitted disease affects the functioning of the nervous system.
  • Diabetes
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Certain medications
  • Trauma, such as that caused by surgery
  • Chemical irritation

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