Elephantiasis : Symptom and Causes


  • Limb and genital swelling
  • Abnormal accumulation of watery fluid in the body tissues (edema) thereby causing severe swelling
  • Skin rashes
  • Fever, chills and a general feeling of ill health (malaise)
  • Long, tumorous mass covered by thickened and ulcerated skin may develop between the thighs in females
  • Also there may be an enlargement of the lymph nodes of the legs


Lymphatic filariasis is mainly caused by infection with nematodes (roundworms), they are thread like parasitic worms
There are three types of filarial worms:
  • Wuchereria bancrofti
  • Brugia malayi
  • B. timori
It is transmitted by different types of mosquitoes like culex mosquito. The parasite infects the lymph nodes and blocks the flow of lymph throughout the body; this results in chronic edema.

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