Ankyloglossia: Meaning, Diagnosis and Overview

What is Ankyloglossia?

The terms ‘ankyloglossia’, ‘short fraenum’, ‘short fraenulum’, or ‘tongue tie’ is a common congenital anomaly that is usually detected soon after birth. It is characterized by partial fusion-or in rare cases, total fusion-of the tongue to floor of the mouth due to an abnormality of the lingual frenulum.
It is a condition where your child’s tongue does not move as freely as it should. The tongue is connected to the floor of the mouth by a thin piece of tissue called the frenulum. With ankyloglossia, your child’s frenulum may be shorter, thicker, or tighter than it should be.

Recovery Time

Ankyloglossia is present at birth. It may not cause your child any problems. It improves over time. 


Diagnosis is done by physical examination. For infants, the doctor might use a screening tool to score various aspects of the tongue’s appearance and ability to move.

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