Anemia: Symptom and Causes


You may have no symptoms if the anemia is mild. If the problem develops slowly, symptoms that may occur first include:
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Cold hands or feet
  • Pale or yellow skin
  • Chest pain
  • Hair loss
  • Pounding or “whooshing” in your ears
  • Light-headedness when you stand up
Some types of anemia may have other symptoms.
 Anemia sym


Iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies are three of the most important causes of anemia. Other possible causes include:
  • Certain medications
  • Destruction of red blood cells earlier than normal (which may be caused by immune system problems)
  • Long-term (chronic) diseases such as chronic kidney disease, cancer, ulcerative colitis, or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Some forms of anemia, such as thalassemia or sickle cell anemia, which can be inherited
  • Pregnancy
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Problems with bone marrow such as lymphoma, leukemia, multiple myeloma, or aplastic anemia
  • Slow blood loss (for example, from heavy menstrual periods or stomach ulcers)

Anemia cause

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